Monday, 9 April 2018


Dear readers, as you are already aware from my earlier blog on the subject, while in service, I had instituted a Writ Petition before the Hon’ble Bombay High Court challenging the decision of Central Administrative Tribunal in respect of the effective date of the MACP Scheme of 6th Pay Commission. Several similar appeal cases against the Armed Forces Tribunal decision were also pending before the Hon’ble Supreme Court in respect of 6th Pay Commission. The issues were the same in both the cases. Now the SC decided the 6th CPC case rejecting the Government Appeal and in favour of the Employees. So the same decision is equally applicable for my case. So I am going to move the Hon’ble Bombay High Court for an expedite hearing of my case after the May vacation. I think even otherwise, Government has to act upon the Supreme Court decision though it was related to the Armed Forces Case. For your information, I am giving below the main points of the Writ Petition filed by me before the Hon'ble Bombay High Court at Mumbai regarding MACP Scheme EFFECTIVE DATE. Below that, I am also giving the decision of the Supreme Court in this regard. 

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                      Shri  M.P. JOSEPH                            Petitioner
                      Union of India & ors.                         Respondents
                                2.            …….Following are the brief facts of the case:
i)             The Government of India, Ministry of Finance, Department of Expenditure vide The Gazette Of India, Extraordinary Pt-I, Sec-I dated 29/08/2008 published the Government Resolution related to the 6th Pay Commission Report. Para 2 of the said resolution states, “The Commission’s recommendations and Government Decision thereon with regard to revised Scales of Pay and Dearness Allowance for civilian employees of the Central Government and personnel of All India Services as detailed in the Part-A of the Annex-I will be made effective from 1st day of January, 2006”.

ii)            The Assured Career Progression Scheme as modified is a part of Pay and its fixation on attaining particular period of service and is covered under Part-A item 4 of Annex-I which states as below:

Sl.           Recommendations of the Sixth                                 Decision of the
No.         Pay Commission                                                              Government
4.            The Commission has recommended                       Accepted with the
                That the existing scheme of Assured                      modification that

                Career Progression may be continued                   there will be three up-
                with two financial upgradations being                  gradations under the
                allowed as at present with the follow-                  ACP Scheme after 10,
                ing modifications: ……                                           20 and 30 years of
                                                                                                         service. …          

Hence, as already decided in the Government resolution dated 29/08/2008 cited above, the effective date of its implementation is w.e.f. 01/01/2006. There is also no delegation of power conferred on anybody to either to amend or modify or change the above decision of the Government on MACP, since it is very clear and complete in itself and there is no room for any doubt or interpretation.

iv.           … when the Government had already fixed the effective date, and did not delegate any power to anybody, changing the effective date by an Officer in the Ministry at the level of Dy. Secretary to the Government of India is without any legal validity and liable for disciplinary action for making such a colossal mistake and thereby making inconvenience and heavy financial loss to many of the employees not only in the Central Government but State Governments and Autonomous Bodies who adopt the Central Pay Commission.

v.            ….immediately after the issue of the said Office Memorandum dated 19/05/2009, various staff unions demanded the effective date from 01/01/2006 through the National Anomaly Committee (NAC). The demand was rejected as per Office Memorandum No.11/1/2010-JCA dated 06/10/2010.

vi.           ….. Petitioner, thereafter made a representation dated 26/11/2010 against the rejection. The staff unions also raised the same issue again before the NAC. However, the demand was finally rejected vide OM NO.11/2/2008-JCA dated 13/09/2012 annexed. Hence the Applicant had filed the Original Application no.145 of 2013 before the CAT in his personal capacity based on his representation.

vii.          …the Learned CAT dismissed the application, by its order dated 16/04/2013, thereby approving such a Himalayan blunder committed by the ministry officials.

iv.           The Learned CAT Bombay Bench headed and dominated by the Administrative member was totally prejudiced against the Petitioner in pointing out such a devastating mistake committed by people from the same service and failed to consider the evidence on the face of the record.

ix.           The Learned CAT was totally wrong in holding that the MACP Scheme became operative not w.e.f.01/01/2006 but with effect from 01/09/2008. It is very clear that the date of the scheme is w..e.f. 01/01/2006 as explained in para 2 above. Hence there is no room for any doubt or interpretation in this regard. However, the Learned CAT held in the reverse only for the purpose to bail out the Officers in the DOPT under whom it functions, from the responsibility of making such Himalayan blunder thereby many employees not only in Central Government but State Governments and Autonomous Bodies who follow the Central Pay Commission.

x.            The Learned CAT was also wrong in assuming that there was a small concession was recommended for those government who retired between the period 01/01/2006 to 31/08/2008 on the consideration their number would be small and not everyone retiring during the interregnum would be a case of stagnated promotions and hence eligible for 3rd  promotion. This is purely a fictional story made by the Officers of the 1st Respondent, DOPT copied and pasted by the Learned CAT without applying its mind and neither substantiated by any facts nor  covered anywhere in the decision of the Government conveyed through the Government Resolution gazette notified by the Finance Ministry, the 2nd Respondent. The Government Decision is absolute and applicable to all employees in service as on 01/01/2006 as already explained in para 2 above.

xi.           ..the Learned CAT in para 6 of its judgment wrongly and with mala-fide intension stated that the ACP Scheme figures as Paragraph 4 of Column 3 of the Government Resolution. In reality, it is not a Pragraph but item no.4 of part- A of Annexure-I which is accepted by the Government with effect from 01/01/2006 in clear terms vide para 2 of the Government Resolution quoted by the Learned CAT in para 4 of its judgment itself. But in 6 it was misquoted with the sole intention of bailing out the Officers of the 1st Respondent from such a grave mistake committed by going against the decision of the principal employer i.e., the Government of India, for which they should be charge sheeted and thrown out of service.

xii.          ..the Learned CAT again went wrong deliberately and with malafide and malicious intentions in stating in para 7 of its judgement, “In our view, the MACP is not part of either pay or Dearness Allowance. Paragraph 3 set out herein above says that the revised allowance other than
Dearness Allowance will be effective from 01/09/2008. Obviously, the same is included in Part-A of Annexure – I”. Actually, other allowances whose effective date is fixed by the Government w.e.f. 01/09/2008 is covered by para 3 of the Resolution and Part B of Annexure-I and not Part A as observed by the Learned CAT, though it is patently clear on the face of the record. On the other hand, MACP is very clearly and beyond any doubt appearing in Para 2, Part A of Annexure – I for which effective date is already fixed by the Government w.e.f.01/01/2006. Therefore, it is very much clear that, this wrong observation is made by the Learned CAT due to an over enthusiasm to bail out the DOPT Officers from the responsibility for taking action against the decision of the Government with the full knowledge that it is wrong rather than upholding the law and truth. This is never expected from a judicial authority.

 xiii.       …the Learned CAT, in para 8 of its judgment is making a bundle of lies without any basis. Firstly, it stated that the guidelines are flowing from the fountain-head of DOPT. It is totally untrue. There is no authority pointed out by the Learned CAT. It is based on presumptions and assumptions. In fact, even the Government Resolution, which is the source of financial effect was issued through the Finance Ministry and not through the said DOPT. Second untruth is that, all the Government employees including the applicant received the financial benefit under MACP Scheme in pursuance of the said OM dated 19.05.2009, whereby the Scheme of MACP was made effective from 01.09.2008. Third untruth is that, financial up gradation as per the provisions of earlier ACP Scheme was granted till 31.08.2008. The so called Scheme itself is a fraudulent/fictional story created by the said DOPT with ulterior motives, and copied and pasted by the Learned CAT in its judgment. The truth is already stated in para 2 herein above and no need to repeat it. In accordance with item 4 of part A of Annexure-I, read with para 2 of the Government Resolution issued through the 2nd Respondent, Government of India in its Constitutional  power under Article 309, decided the Scheme modifying the Recommendation of the 6th CPC  and fixing the effective date as 01.01.2006. The said DOPT,1st Respondent, without any authority or delegation of power changed this decision of the Government of India to 01/09/2008 in the disguise of the said Scheme probably to benefit some powerful Officers of the DOPT who may not be eligible if the MACP was implement as decided by the Government from 01/01/2006. Otherwise, there is no visible reason behind this amendment of the Government decision by some Officers in the DOPT and the Learned CAT going after this fiction created by the DOPT rather than the facts and law supported by records annexed with the Application by the Petitioner.

xiv.         …what Is stated by the Learned CAT in para 9 is out of context since the issue is the competence of the DOPT Officers to change the Government Decision taken under Art.309 of the Constitution of India without any delegation of power from a competent authority. The entire theory of benefit to certain employees due to the illegal amendment of the effective date from 01/01/2006 as fixed by the Government to 01/09/2008 by the said O.M. issued by the DOPT, is a fiction not supported by any facts or law. Probably some powerful Officers may be the beneficiaries for whom the entire system was misused and forced the staff side to agree with them, though it is altogether illegal and unconstitutional. That may be the reason why the Learned CAT also reached a wrong conclusion that the Government Resolution made under the Constitutional Powers and Gazette notified by the Finance Ministry can be amended to a different date by the Officers of DOPT which is in another Ministry, that too without any delegation of power to change the effective date of MACPS. It is also a perverted and wrong decision and says that an unconstitutional action can be made constitutional and legal by mere consent of parties who have no power to do so. If this perverted view of the Learned CAT is accepted, it would make a catastrophic effect in the legal system that by consent of two parties, the Indian Constitution could also be amended by these Officers for their personal benefit citing this Judgment of the Learned CAT as precedent. Therefore, this illegal amendment is made by the DOPT, i.e., the 1st Respondent, without any authority of law, and support of facts. It is merely a fictional statement that some otherwise ineligible employees may be adversely affected by the reversal against the loss of many eligible employees, had the Government decision is implemented. Therefore, acceptance of the said invalid and unreasonable argument by the Learned CAT is perverted, discriminatory, with ulterior motives, unreasonable, beyond commonsense and thus violative of Art. 14 and 16 of the Constitution of India. It is also against the basic principles of Administrative Law.

xv.          …in para 11 of the judgement, the Learned CAT, again with malicious, and mala-fide intentions, suo motto, argue for the 1st Respondent as if their advocates, that though the Petitioner had challenged the competence of DOPT to issue the OM declaring date of effect of M.A.C.P benefit, neither the staff side nor the Union ever raised this question before subjecting themselves to the Joint Meeting that DOPT did not have any authority to declare the date of effect of MACP Scheme. This has no relation with the case before the Learned CAT filed by the Petitioner who had challenged the competence of DOPT as admitted by the Learned CAT. It is also a fact that the Staff side/Union had demanded the effective date from 01/01/2006. After all, they were attending a joint meeting of officials and not arguing before the High Court or Supreme Court engaging constitutional experts.  Therefore, it was not a material connected with the Petitioner’s personal Application before the Learned CAT. It cannot be worth enough to be considered as a childish argument, but a totally perverted, unrelated and unreasonable argument with ulterior motives similar to saying, before Newton’s Theory of Gravity, not only apple, but other fruits and even coconuts were falling down, but nobody had ever raised this point and hence cannot be accepted.

xvi.         ….in 12th Para of the judgment, whatever stated by the Learned CAT is totally untrue. First of all there is no complexity in the Government decision. It is very clear and unambiguous to read para 2 of the Government resolution as stated herein above. All the mess was artificially created by the DOPT Officers with ulterior motives to change the effective date from 01/01/2006 as decided by the Government in its Resolution to 01/09/2008. Otherwise, there was no need for any meeting or any agenda or anything. This is also irrelevant to the issue, since the very validity of the said O.M. and the competence of the DOPT Officers to change the effective date without any authority of law, is under challenge. All these unrelated things are stated herein the judgment is also with an intention to fish in the troubled water i.e., to bail out the DOPT Officers, by hook or by crook, from their penal responsibility for going against their employer’s decision of fixing the effective date on 01/01/2006 by changing it to 01/09/2008 without any authority, whatsoever nature.

xvii.       That, the statement of the Learned CAT in para 13 of the Judgment that, the MACP benefits have already been implemented – with effect from 01/09/2008 vide O. M. of DOPT dated 19/05/2009 is totally false and untruth. In reality it was implemented by the Government Resolution, GOI., MIN. OF FIN. NO. 1/1/2008-1 C dated the 29th August, 2008 annexed as Ex.C. It is also untrue and false that MACP is coming under any other allowances. MACP is coming specifically under item no. 4 of part A of annexure I read with para 2 of the Government Resolution which were made effective from 01/01/2006. Whereas allowances other than dearness allowance, would be effective from 01/09/2008 in accordance with para 3 of the Government Resolution and covered under Part B of Annexure – I.  The role of DOPT is only a consultancy for those items not covered in the Resolution, vide para 7 of the Government Resolution. Since the MACP is specifically mentioned in item no.4 of part A of Annexure – I, of the Government Resolution, DOPT do not have even the consultancy power. Then there is no question of power for changing the date already fixed by the Government in the Resolution. However, the Learned CAT is mixing part A of Annexure – I mentioned in Para 2 and Part B of Annexure – I of para 3 of the Government Resolution with a view to make a room for interpretation and thus to bail out the DOPT Officers from their culpable responsibility of changing the effective date fixed by the Government to suit their interests. Therefore, this is a cold blooded MURDER OF JUSTICE by the GUARDIAN OF JUSTICE i.e., the Learned CAT which should be treated as misuse of judicial process and to be treated as Contempt of Court and action should be initiated to stop such malpractices.

xviii.      That, by going out of the way in manipulating the facts as stated above, the Learned CAT is now trying to fit in para 14 of the judgment a Supreme Court judgment in the following words, “It has further been held in the case of Chandrashekar A.K. Vs. State of Kerala ( AIR 2009 SC 643 ) that revision of pay scale is essentially a policy decision, Recommendations relating to revision of pay scale requires its acceptance by the employer or the State which has ultimately to bear the financial burden.” This case is totally fitting to the Petitioner’s case in favour and not against. The recommendations relating to the MACP was already accepted by the Government of India i.e., the Employer, with certain modifications with effect from 01/01/2006 vide para 2 of the Government Resolution dated 29/08/2008. The Petitioner is not at all objecting to the Government resolution, but to the O.M. DATED 19/05/2009 issued by one of the many departments i.e., DOPT of the employer and going against the decision of the employer. Therefore, the above case is very well supporting the case of the Petitioner and not against it. However, importing an alien and unknown reason, and contradictory to the Prayers of the Petitioner quoted in para 1 of its own judgment annexed as Ex.A, the Learned CAT wrongly held that it is not the case of the Petitioner.

……Petitioner prays before this Hon’ble Court for the following:

i.             Set aside the Judgment and Order dated 16/04/2013 on ORIGINAL APPLICATION NO.145 of 2013 by the Learned Central Administrative Tribunal, Bombay Bench at Mumbai, annexed as Ex.A, as it is not based on facts and law.

ii.            Declare partially Para 9  or entire Office Memorandum No. 35034/3/2008 – Estt.(D)  dated 19.05.2009 issued by DOPT annexed as Ex.B1, changing the effective date from 01/01/2006 to 01/09/2008 as null and void since it is issued without any authority of law.

iii.           Declare the effective date of MACPs as 01/01/2006 as already fixed by the Government of India i.e., the Employer, in its Government Resolution dated 29/08/2008 annexed as Ex.C and referred herein above.

iv.           Issue a Writ of Mandamus or any other order to the Respondents  to give effect to the above directions within 1 month of the date of decision.

v.            Cost of this Petition with a direction to debit it from the 3rd Respondent’s Budget, since this petition is thrust upon the Petitioner unnecessarily on reasons mentioned above.
(Note: the Petition was admitted Bombay High Court on 09/07/2014 by issue of Rule. Reply was filed by the Respondents thereafter. Now the writ petition is pending for final hearing)

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Now read what the Supreme Court decided on the issue in civil appeal  DIARY NO. 3744 OF 2016:-

“11. We are only concerned with the interpretation of the Resolution of the Government which clearly states that the recommendations of 6th CPC as modified and accepted by the Central Government in so far as they relate to pay structure, pay scales, grade pay etc. will apply from 01.01.2006.  There may be some gainers and some losers but the intention of the Government was clear that this Scheme which is part of the pay structure would apply from 01.01.2006.  We may also point out that the Resolution dated 30.08.2008 whereby the recommendation of the Pay Commission has been accepted with modifications and recommendations with regard to pay structure, pay scales, grade pay etc. have been made applicable from 01.01.2006.  This is a decision of the Cabinet.  This decision could not have been modified by issuing executive instruction. The letter dated 30.05.2011 flies in the face of the Cabinet decision reflected in the Resolution dated 30.08.2008.  Thus, administrative instruction dated 30.05.2011 is totally ultra vires the Resolution of the Government. 
12. Col. R. Balasubramanian, learned counsel for the UOI relied upon the following three judgments viz. P.K. Gopinathan Nair & Ors. v. Union of India and Ors.1, passed by the High Court of Kerala on 22.03.2017, Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board v. Shashi Malik & Ors.2, passed by the High Court of Delhi on 01.09.2016, K.K. Anandan & Ors. v. The Principal Accountant General Kerala (Audit) & Ors3 passed by the Central Administrative Tribunal, Ernakulam Bench, Kerala on 08.02.2013.  In our view, none of these judgments is applicable because the issue whether the MACP is part of the pay structure or allowances were not considered in any of these cases.

13. In this view of the matter we find no merit in the appeals, which are accordingly disposed of.  All pending applications are also disposed of.

J. (Madan B. Lokur)                J. (Deepak Gupta)
New Delhi December 08, 2017

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  1. congrats for your efforts to get justice

  2. whether this order on w.p.1763 of 2013 in bombay high court applicable to all or to the applicants only?

  3. When supreme court also given the judgement macp w.e.f.1.1.2006 instead of 1.9.2009 why dop&t not issued orders.

    1. Supreme Court judgement is against Defense Department order. They already issued orders for armed forces. DOPT was not involved in that case.

  4. Generally SC order is applicable to all similarly placed people.But govt. always first took the stand that SC verdict is applicable only to those had gone to court. SC had clarified that all similarly placed people had to be given benefit.

  5. It is really painful to all civilised citizens of this country that despite of clear verdict of hon,ble Supreme Court which has categorically passed the order that the MACP scheme being the part of pay structure & not the allowances has to be implemented w.e.f.1.1.2006 not 1.9.3008 as done by the Dopt. which is not not only in contravention of the recommendations of the 6th CPC but also the resolution passed by the cabinet itself on the subject. Hence the Dopt. is requested to kindly issue the revised order for all central govt. employees as early as possible, so that further litigations could be avoided on the subject since Supreme Court already clarified that such orders should be treated as general & all similarity placed persons should be given benefit.

  6. Dear Mr Joseph,
    I am 70 years old civilian pensioner retired on 30th June 2008. Now as you have got MACP through court order, please intimate whether you are civilian pensioner or defence pensioner.
    With Regards
    Inder Singh

  7. Sir, congratulations for your efforts put in , getting MACPS effective from 01.01.2006. I need some help from you to file a case before,CAT, Hyderabad to extend MACP benefit to me. Please intimate your mail ID so that I can contact you sir.

    1. In the blog above there is a link to my books. In the first pages my full details are given. First pages are free to read.

  8. Sir, please intimate whether you have received arrears and MACP benefits or Govt of India filed an appeal against Bombay HC verdict on MACPs.

    1. Not received yet. No information about appeal

    2. Sir please send your email

      please see this down load as PDF formet. otherwise please send your email i will send the SC order in PDF form
      thank you
      yours sincerely

    4. What is the purpose of sending this now?

  9. Sir
    Our office VCRC is following central govt rules for me sep 2008 is third Macon got money as per the rules please provide your email
    Thank you
    Yours sincerely

  10. Sir, have you received MACP benefits as per Bombay High court order? What is the present status of the case.

    1. Update on MACP Implementation:

  11. In the referred Gazett notification dated 29th August 2008, inPara 12 which also have been accepted by Govt. There is a recommendation for fixation of pension after multiplication by a factor of 1.86 with the sun of pension on 31.12.2005 + DP + 24% DR. This is more benficial to retiree rather than 50% of initial basic pay + GP of the corresponding scale in 5th CPC. DOPT has not issued Order dated 1st Sept. 2008 based on this factor but given pensionon 31.12.2005 + DP +24% DR + 40% fitment benefit which comes to be on much lower than the multiplication factor of 1.86. This how we are being made fool bythe illiturate people.

  12. Mr. Joseph. I retired on 31 Aug 2011 from MOD as civilian from MES. I got MACP wef 1.9.2008. After SC judgement I applied for ammendment of the date of MACP wef 1.1.2006 instead of 1.9.2008 but neither replied nor ammended. Now I should apply for MACP wef 1.1.2006. Please fwd papers regarding MACP wef 1.1.2006 incl.any supporting letters copies on my web. Thankyou. We are always with you.